Psychological therapy is an invaluable tool to address the emotional and mental challenges we face in our daily lives. There are different types of therapy that adapt to the individual needs and preferences of each person.

The best way to find the ideal therapy for you is to explore the different approaches to psychological therapy, how they can contribute to your mental health, and talk about it with your psychologist to compare points of view and options.

Most popular types of therapy

Before starting with the different types of therapy, it is important to remember that each person is unique and may respond differently to therapeutic approaches, which is why it is essential to seek advice from qualified professionals< /strong>.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)

CBT is one of the most popular and considered most effective approaches to psychotherapy. Its goal is to identify and change negative thought patterns and problematic behaviors, replacing them with other healthier and more adaptive thoughts.

Who is this therapy for?

It is especially useful in cases of anxiety, social phobia, depression, panic, post-traumatic stress disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and the like.


Form of intensive treatment based on the observation of behaviors and emotions that the patient unleashes unconsciously. This type of therapy explores how this unconsciousness affects our way of interacting with the environment in the present. As developed by Sigmund Freud, it is based on the fact that our behavior is unconsciously associated with the conflicts that took place during our childhood.

Who is this therapy for?

For people with problems that generate defense mechanisms, constant nightmares, negative emotions and thoughts, cases of post-traumatic stress, etc.

Psychodynamic therapy

Derived from psychoanalysis, this therapy is based on the idea that emotional and mental problems are rooted in past experiences and conflicts, which may not yet be resolved. Professionals who practice this therapy work with patients to explore and understand events from their past that could be influencing their present.

Who is this therapy for?

It is used for anxiety disorders, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, phobias, and other types of personality disorders.

Humanistic Gestalt therapy

Developed in the 1940s, this therapy focuses on the development of the individual, promoting self-realization and personal growth. > first of all. Therapists of this stream provide a supportive environment, a safe place where patients are able to explore their potential and find meaning and/or purpose for their lives.

Who is this therapy for?

For all those people who seek personal growth or feel that there is no coherence between what they feel and what they do.

Neuropsychological therapy

They are specifically aimed at patients with brain or nervous system damage. In this type of therapy, the attention and collaboration of several experts is needed: neuropsychologists, psychiatrists and neurologists.

Systemic therapy

Its goal is to give importance to social relationships in each person’s life, proposing new modes of interaction and looking for alternatives to dynamics that no longer work in our relationships.

There is a version called brief systemic therapy, which uses the principles of systemic therapy, but treating the patient individually.

Who is this therapy for?

It is one of the most used to solve both family problems and those of couple and friends.

Couples therapy

In this case, therapy focuses on improving the quality of relationships and addressing and overcoming the conflicts and challenges that couples face. The therapists who perform it help couples to develop effective communication and problem-solving skills and, consequently, to strengthen their emotional bond.

Other types of approaches

Among other interesting types of therapy, although not as popular as the previous ones, we can find:

  • Mindfulness or Full Attention: therapy that includes concepts from Buddhist philosophy and TAC (Acceptance and Commitment Therapy ). Its objective is for patients to acquire a state of consciousness and calm, which allows or helps them to regulate their behavior and to know themselves.
  • Rational-emotive-behavioral: aims to solve emotional and behavioral problems through a philosophical, empirical and directive approach. The idea is that the person becomes aware of their own emotions.
  • Brief solution-focused therapy: focuses on the goal that the person wants to achieve, through viable alternatives in a limited time. Thus, you can change negative thoughts and achieve emotional and social balance.
  • TAC: its goal is to enhance psychological flexibility with acceptance and reasoning, recognizing that an emotional problem exists and accepting its effects for later modify the negative aspects of the patient’s life.
  • EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing): It is especially effective with post-traumatic stress problems. It focuses on the memory of the traumatic experience, and subsequently uses eye movements for treatment. This eye movement will activate the processing of information and modify the traumatic memory.

Remember that we can help you choose the perfect type of therapy for you. Contact us without obligation.


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